John Reginald Halliday Christie was a 54 year old serial murderer and sexual psychopath. His evidence at the trial of Timothy Evans helped find Evans guilty and his subsequent execution. In 1965, Timothy Evans received a posthumous pardon.
John Reginald Halliday Christie was born on 8 April 1899, in Halifax, Yorkshire.
The 1901 England Census provides information about the Christie family living in Halifax, Yorkshire.
|Ernest J||Head||39||Carpet Designer||Kidderminster|
|Mary H||Wife||38||–||Queensbury, Yorks.|
|Percy H||Son||18||Bank Clerk||Halifax|
The 1911 England Census shows the Christie family living in a nine room dwelling in Chester Row, Halifax, Yorkshire.
|Ernest John||Head||49||Carpet Designer||Kidderminster|
|Mary Hannah||Wife||48||–||Queensbury, Yorks.|
|Florence Halliday||Daughter||26||School Teacher||Halifax|
|John Reginald Halliday||Son||11||School||Halifax|
John Reginald Halliday Christie saw service in the First World War, as a private (number 106733) in the 6th Battalion, The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment). His service entitled him with the British War and Victory medals.
In 1920, Christie married Beryl Simpson in Halifax.
The 1939 Register has the couple living at 10 Rillington Place, London. Christie’s occupation is given as “Motor Driver – Metropolitan War Reserve” while Beryl’s occupation is given as “Unpaid Domestic Duties”.
Timothy John Evans was born on 20 November 1934 in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales. On 20 September 1947, Evans married Beryl Susanna Thorley, whom he had met in January 1947. When Beryl discovered she was pregnant in 1948 they moved into the top-floor flat at 10 Rillington Place; with Christie and his wife in the bottom floor flat.
On 30 November 1949 Evans walked into a police station in Wales and reported that he had found his wife dead in their London home, and had put her body down a drain. Later the bodies of his wife and child were found in the outside washhouse; they had been strangled. Evans made a statement in which he confessed to the killings, but later he accused Christie. Christie, a witness at Evans trial at the Old Bailey in 1950, denied any responsibility.
Evans was sentenced to death for the murder of his child, and was hanged on 9 March 1950 at Pentonville Prison.
On 24 March 1953 a West Indian tenant of 10 Rillington Place found a papered-over cupboard in Christie’s former flat; it contained the bodies of three women (MacLennan, Maloney and Nelson).
A fourth (Christie’s wife Ethel) was found under the floorboards of the front room, and the remains of two more in the garden (Eady and Fuerst).
Christie admitted to murdering the women, but not the baby Geraldine Evans, at 10 Rillington Place. He later admitted to murdering the other two women in 1943 and 1944. He was then a special constable in the War Reserve Police.
|24/08/43||Ruth Fuerst||21||Back Garden|
|07/10/43||Muriel Eady||31||Back Garden|
|08/11/49||Beryl Evans||20||Outdoor Washhouse|
|08/11/49||Geraldine Evans||13 mo||Outdoor Washhouse|
|14/12/51||Ethel Christie||54||Under floor, front room|
|19/01/53||Rita Nelson||25||Alcove behind kitchen wall|
|Feb 53||Kathleen Maloney||26||Alcove behind kitchen wall|
|06/03/53||Hectorina MacLennan||26||Alcove behind kitchen wall|
Outwardly a respectable but unpopular man, Christie had served prison sentences for theft, and he was known as a habitual liar.
Christie’s motives were sexual; he admitted strangling one of his victims during intercourse. He related how he had invited women to the house and having got them partly drunk, sat them in a deck-chair, where he rendered them unconscious with domestic coal gas.
Christie trial at the Old Bailey for his wife’s murder began on 22 June 1953. The Judge was Mr Justice Finnemore, the Prosecution was led by the Attorney General Sir Lionel Heald and Christie was represented by Mr Curtis-Bennett. His defence plea was based on insanity. Three days’ later the trial finished with Christie being found guilty of his wife’s murder and sentenced to death.
Christie was hanged, on the same gallows as Evans had been 3 years earlier, at Pentonville Prison on 15 July 1953.
Among the various revelations at Christie’s trial was his admission that he had also killed Mrs. Evans, although he denied having killed the baby Geraldine Evans.
The Home Secretary, Mr David Maxwell-Fyfe, initiated a private enquiry led by a senior barrister, Mr John Scott Henderson. The Henderson enquiry concluded that Evans had killed both his wife and daughter. This report was published on 13 July 1953, two days before Christie’s execution. This report was controversial and appeared, to some people, as a white-washing exercise intended to protect the police’s handling of the Evans case.
Another inquiry, which was headed by Mr Justice Brabin, took place during the winter of 1965-1966. The Brabin Inquiry report was published, and found that Evans’ had probably killed his wife and that he had not killed his daughter. As Evans had been convicted of his daughter Geraldine’s murder, and not the murder of his wife, Evans was granted a posthumous pardon in 1966.
Timothy Evans’ remains were exhumed from the burial ground within Pentonville Prison, and are now buried at St. Patrick’s Roman Catholic Cemetery, Leytonstone, London.
|NAME||LOCATION OF GRAVE|
|Ruth Fuerst||Gunnersbury Cemetery, Acton|
|Beryl Evans||Gunnersbury Cemetery, Acton|
|Geraldine Evans||Gunnersbury Cemetery, Acton|
|Ethel Christie||Cremated, Kensal Green Crematorium|
|Rita Nelson||Gunnersbury Cemetery, Acton|
|Kathleen Maloney||Gunnersbury Cemetery, Acton|
|Hectorina MacLennan||Gunnersbury Cemetery, Acton|